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Learn To Read And Understand Facebook Ad Results

We pay Facebook our hard earned cash so they deliver our ads to the right people. In addition to that, we also get valuable data about our targeted audience and metrics like CTR, CPM, CPC, etc. These metrics are here to help us understand how our targeted audience interacted with our ad and what actions were made by them.

If we don’t know how to read and understand these metrics, then we’re throwing our money away. So it’s really important we know how to take the data Facebook gives us back and pinpoint the mistakes we did so we can fix them.

In this week’s article, I’ll help you understand what these metrics mean and how to read them in order to find the problems in your ad/store.

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CPC – Cost Per Link Click

CPC is a really important metric and it tells us a lot about the ad we’re running – It’s one of the first things I look at after checking the results of my test ads. By looking at my CPC, I can understand how the targeted audience reacted to my ad.

If I had cheap link clicks, it can only mean the targeted audience stopped scrolling and actually watched my photo/video ad and then took time to click the link on it to visit my website. I caught their attention and the offer was interesting enough for them to click on it. And of course my targeting was on point too!

If my link clicks were expensive or I barely got any, this means my ad or targeting wasn’t good enough. It’s possible the interests I chose were not that good or my ad + offer wasn’t good enough to catch their attention. In most cases I’ve seen, targeting wasn’t the problem… Targeting is pretty simple and almost everyone nails it after a few tries. The ad tho is the real challenge and making a good ad is not an easy task.

When testing, I expect my link clicks to be pretty cheap – My cost per link click is usually lower than $1 but sometimes they’re higher and I’m fine with it to a certain number. $1~$2 CPC is normal but I will be a bit nervous if I don’t get any Add to Carts/Initiate Checkouts soon.

As you can see, my CPC in the photo above is $1.16 which is fine. I also have a 2 orders for that adset so it’s working great. But if my CPC was $2 and I had no Add to Carts, then I would probably kill it and move on. I don’t like waiting too much on bad adsets.

 

CPM – Cost Per 1,000 Impressions

CPM is how much we pay per 1,000 impressions – Unfortunately, we don’t have much say here and the one who decides how much we pay is Facebook. But we can still work on our CPM in order to reduce it if it’s too high.

We need to look at the niche – Competitive niches will cost more and we can expect our CPMs to be much higher than CPMs for other niches(like mine). If I were to target the cat niche, I’m more than sure my CPM wouldn’t be $10 like in the photo above. I didn’t target the cat niche for some time now, but from what I remember I had CPMs higher than $20, sometimes even $30. Now this doesn’t mean you won’t get cheap link clicks or sales, you only have to invest more money.

We need to look at our ad – Facebook likes it when the content on their platform is good. If I launch a good ad which brings good engagement and my targeted audience like it, Facebook will lower my CPMs even if I’m in a highly competitive niche. It won’t be a huge drop but it can save us a few bucks. If the ad sucks and no one even stops for 1 second to give it a look, we could get higher CPMs.

We need to look at our ad account – Facebook isn’t perfect and you already know bugs and stuff like that happen which can affect our delivery. I occasionally help users and guide them and I remember seeing really crazy CPMs like $90 or even $150. Of course, ads like these need to be stopped right away but if the same thing repeats itself no matter what you do, it can be a problem in the ad account. So one of my suggestions was switching to a fresh ad account with a fresh pixel and it worked. The new ads had normal CPMs. If you ever get some crazy CPMs, you can only wait it out or switch ad account if it stays the same.

We need to look at our targeted interests – Even in a highly competitive niche, some interests may get us a much lower CPM than the average. When everyone targets the same interests, you need to be smart and look for some “hidden” interests people tend to never even look for.

Like I already said, usually there’s nothing we can do about CPMs and we can only hope to not pay too much.

 

CTR – Click Through Rate

CTR is a pretty basic stat and it shows us how many people clicked on our ad(in percents).

We have 2 CTRs as you can see in the screenshot above:

  • The first one is the Link-Click CTR and it shows us the percentage of people who actually clicked our link.
  • The second one is the CTR(all) and it counts any click on our ad.

By looking at our CTR, we can understand how people react to our ad. If the CTR is too low, we should consider changing something in our ad so we stop more people from scrolling and hopefully clicking our ad. It can be our ad copy or the ad itself. Maybe our Call-To-Action isn’t that appealing? Or the video ad beginning isn’t too interesting? And what about our offer? 50% OFF looks better than 25% OFF 😉 These are some of the stuff you need to consider looking at and changing if your CTR is too low.

As you can see from the photo above, my CTR isn’t that great. My CPM is great and the CPC is fine but the CTR needs an edit so I can squeeze more link clicks 🙂 This ad has 2 sales and it just shows me the people love my product BUT my ad could use a little lift.

 

Ad Ranking

This metric shows us the rank of our ads.

The quality ranking shows us the quality of our ad compared to the average. Facebook likes quality so I guess it’s how people react to our product and how relevant it is to the targeted audience. I guess it’s the same as relevance score. So as you can see, my score is above average and it means I’m doing good and my ad is relevant to my targeted audience. If my score was lower, trying new audiences could help us get a better score.

Engagement rate ranking shows us how our ad is doing with getting engagement compared to the average. Here I’m ranked only average. Maybe if I adjust my ad and make it more catchy, the CTR will be higher and the engagement rate will be above average.

Conversion rate ranking shows us how how our conversion rate compared to the average. In this case, I’m above average and it just shows that the product I sell is really good and people are willing to spend their money to get it. If everything else was good and my conversion rate score was low, then a change in the store or product are needed. Maybe the price is too high? Maybe the product page loads slow? Maybe the problem is in the checkout process? If you read my articles on this blog, you already know how to pinpoint the problems on your store by now. If not, make sure to go through my recent posts 😉

 

Video Plays

Video plays show us how much of the video our audience actually watched. By checking these stats, we can learn how interested our audience was in our video and how good our video is. In the picture above, you can see our stats and I’m confident to say they’re pretty healthy.

A big chunk of the audience who watched 25% stayed and watched at least half of our video. And 1/3 of the total viewers watched the whole video. These are good stats considering people can barely concentrate for 20 seconds anymore. And of course, this campaign brought us really good sales so it’s working alright 😉

But what if the only half of the 25% plays stayed to watch till 50%? This would mean that a big chunk of our audience wasn’t interested enough to keep watching at least half of our video. In this case, we need to adjust the structure of our video. Make it more interesting, show different footage, show something to keep them watching. We need to have a healthy watch ratio so we can later build good lookalike audiences.

 

To Sum It Up:

In this article, I showed some of the ad metrics I pay attention to when testing my products. I explained what each one of them means and what results are “good” and what are “bad”. By understanding these metrics, I can pinpoint the problem(if such exists) and act accordingly to fix it and have a better chance to get sales.

I’m sure this article will help you understand your metrics a little better now and if you have any questions, ask in the comments 🙂

Good luck!

 

Struggling to find good products to sell? Not sure who’s your target audience? Tired of losing money on products you were sure were “winners”?

Then Ecomhunt is what you need! Find hot winning products that are added daily, spy on their ads & stores and import them into your store in 1 click and Start Selling Today!

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Daniel Aloni is one of the leading mentors in the Ecomhunt family. Daniel is a highly experienced Print On Demand seller with multiple 6 figures successful launches.
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7 Comments

  1. Hello, i hope you’re doing great. I have a product with this data CPM 19.88 / CTR (all) 3.02% / CTR (Link Click Through) 1.79% / CPC $1.11

    Im new on the business and Im kind of starting to understand the metrics thanks to you guys. Really preciate.

    This metric look fine (not excellent, but pretty much average). However, no convertions. I did a course and the strategy i was taught was to put 10 ad sets per campaign (Because of my budget I put $1.50 per ad set daily), and they recommended was to kill that campaign for that product if you don’t have sells within 3 days. I’ve tasted so far 3 products until now without sells. I just wanna be sure im doing things right guys. I understand now what I have to do on the other ads. But this one particularly doesn’t look bad. Also had 4 add to carts.

    What recommendation you can add. In advance, thank you! I recently become pro on your website and it’s awesome the job you’re doing (Y)

    • Hi Eduardo! For some reason your comment was pushed back so hope I’m not too late to answer 🙂

      Yes the metrics aren’t the best but they’re fine like you said.

      About your ad strategy… It’s a bit problematic I would say.
      $1.5 per adset is a really low budget and you spend overall $15 per campaign per day. Each adset spends about $5 in 3 days and with today’s CPM, you don’t even get to test 1000 people in that adset. I believe each adset has different targeting correct?

      So you really don’t have enough data here to test it out. It also now depends on the product price and the profit you get.

      I would recommend testing at least $5 per adset and test less adsets then. Test 3-5 adsets and do some research to choose only the best interests. I would recommend you search for an article on how to test products correctly with Facebook ads – I explain there my testing methods for regular, adset level budget campaigns.

      Also consider moving to CBO because soon, you won’t have an option to test the way you do. So make sure to check out my recent articles on CBO too.

      To summarize:
      Your strategy is limited and you can’t really judge the campaign even after 3 days. Increase your budgets a bit and decrease the number of adsets.

      You had 4 add to carts meaning some people were interested enough in the product, it could be that more budget is needed to get that sale. So if you have an adset with a $5 daily budget, it’s possible you had your first sale on the 2nd day after $10 spent. While with your current strategy, the sale would come only on day 6 or 7…

      I also suggest checking my articles about “mistakes only store owners make”. You have 4 parts to read and I cover there a lot of mistakes people make that could hurt conversions. A HOT products + a superb ad won’t get you sales if your store has a problem. So check it out 😉

      If you have any updates, let me know and I’ll answer faster this time for sure!

  2. Lanardo Lanardo

    Great article

  3. carlton carlton

    which facebook ad strategy is best for beginners, is social proff needed?

    • Checkout the CBO articles in this blog 🙂

      And no the social proof isn’t needed in my opinion. All our test campaigns, we start fresh and have no problem getting sales. So save the money you meant to spent on social proof and push it on purchase campaigns.

  4. Ruel Ruel

    How long do you usually let the ad set or campaign run to say at least a good/reliable test run duration?

    • At least 2 days now if my stats are fine. If on the 1st day my CPMs are crazy high or my cpc is huge then I shut it down. But usually this doesn’t happen so I let it run for about day and a half or 2 days.

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